Japanese Patterns of Design

Chiyogami Crafts: History, Paper Dolls, and Bookmarks

Chiyogami Crafts, Small Chiyogami Rectangle Mint Gift Tin Party Favor Pill Box
Chiyogami Crafts – Rectangle Mint Gift Tin Party Favor Pill Box (etsy)

Chiyogami Crafts – It was back in the Edo period Chiyogami became accessible to townspeople which were only for the court nobles before. Originally used for wrapping things, Chiyogami has found its use in many ways to decorate and enliven our lives. Let’s take a look at brief history of Chiyogami and its use today!

Brief History of Chiyogami

Chiyogami, the pattern with clouds, birds, and flowers
Chiyogami pattern with clouds, birds, and flowers (thepapercraneorigami.com)

First of all, let’s clear the difference between Origami (Japanese holding paper) and Chiyogami. Origami literally means “paper folding” and “folding paper”, the way to make a form out of it without cutting or pasting, while Chiyogami means the actual paper itself with multi colors and various patterns.

Japanese Patterns: Traditional Motifs and Designs

It’s said the papermaking method was introduced from China to Japan in the 5th- 6th century; Chiyogami, elaborated Japanese traditional paper first appeared in Kyoto and it was used only inside the court. The word Chiyogami comes from Chiyo (thousand generation) and Gami (paper).

Chiyogami 40 patterns
Chiyogami 40 patterns (www.showa-grimm.co.jp)

Ukiyo-e artists drew a rough design of the designs, they were based on the bright kimono textiles which the papermakers from the countryside saw on the fashionable wealthier ladies in the larger cities, especially in Kyoto, where the area is known as Yuzen had become famous for its sophisticated techniques for dyeing cloth.

Chiyogami has two varieties, one is Kyo Chiyogami (Chiyogami of Kyoto) and the other is Edo Chiyogami.

  • Kyo Chiyogami – Low-Key Taste: Chiyogami was produced largely in Kyoto once gift wrapping paper made of a fiber of mulberry and woodblock rubbing technique combined. In the Edo period, traditional patterns of nobles were popular but as the demand rose of townspeople, the patterns of local climate and events became popular.
Kyo Chiyogami
Kyo Chiyogami (masaki2.exblog.jp)

Kyo Chiyogami patterns on fine-wrinkled fabric Goods at Iwai Online Store (Japanese Only)

  • Edo Chiyogami – Snappy Taste: Contrary to Kyo Chiyogami, Edo Chiyogami is made from a cheaper material, but still succeeded to make it look classy. Kyo Chiyogami was way too expensive for townspeople, so people in Edo reproduced it with a more available resource. There are more than a thousand patterns of Chiyogami, some took even for a few days to produce a paper with multi-colored layers. The most popular subject was Kabuki.
Edo Chiyogami by Isetatsu
Edo Chiyogami by Isetatsu (google.com)

Brilliant and striking colors with the wide range of patterns with gold metallic overlay are silk screened by hand. Inspired by Kimono fabric, each design is painstakingly crafted by artists across Japan, which makes chiyogami crafts gorgeous.

Originally, Chiyogami (Yuzen) Paper was used for paper dolls and decoration of tins and boxes, Yuzen Paper has now found its way into a variety of arts and crafts such as collage, bookbinding, origami, jewelry, design, home decor, and more.

Edo Chiyogami Goods at Isetatsu Online Store (Japanese Only)

Washi Origami- Set of 30 Designs
Get your Small Chiyogami Set on Amazon!: Washi Origami- Set of 30 Designs

Material

Chiyogami patterns in blue tone
Chiyogami patterns in blue tone (lohaco.jp)

Soon as the papermaking method was introduced by Buddhist monks in Japan, they began to produce paper themselves and became the leading producer of paper.

Traditionally the Washi (Japanese traditional paper) making process was undertaken by farmers as a seasonal task and Kozo (mulberry tree), mitsumata (paper bush), and gampi (bush of daphne) crops were planted along with their regular crops.

The farmers would process the crops into paper during the months when it was too cold for them to work outside.

The process of Japanese Traditional Papermaking
The process of Japanese Traditional Papermaking (Awagami Factory)

It is so strong and durable, you can sew on it and use it in textile art. Each color is then silkscreened by hand, one at a time onto the paper. This step requires considerable time as each color must fully dry before the next color is applied.

The final layer is usually a gold or silver metallic overlay providing shiny highlights that catch light and attention.

Aizen style Chiyogami 15.0 (japan import)
Get your Ai-zome (indigo-blue) Chiyogami on Amazon!: Aizen style Chiyogami 15.0 (japan import)

Meanings

Chiyogami, Yuzen 20 patterns
Chiyogami, Yuzen 20 patterns (www.showa-grimm.co.jp)

Chiyogami was meant to be cut into pieces and made into paper dolls or pasted on tea tins or small paper boxes; still today the scale of the patterns is reminiscent of these early uses.

And still many of the symbols depicted hearken back to auspicious occasions when fancy kimonos would be worn; cranes for long life, bamboo for flexibility, plum blossoms, and pine boughs for beauty and longevity.

Japanese Family Crest: List of the Lineage Symbols

Aitoh 2005 8-Patterns Himeyu Chiyogami Origami Paper, 5.875-Inch by 5.875-Inch, 24-Pack
Get your Himeyu Chiyogami on Amazon!: Aitoh 2005 8-Patterns Himeyu Chiyogami Origami Paper, 5.875-Inch by 5.875-Inch, 24-Pack

Chiyogami Crafts Tutorials

Paper Dolls

Chiyogami Paper Doll
Chiyogami Paper Doll (www.porcuatrocuartos.com)
Chiyogami Paper Doll in blue kimono
Chiyogami Paper Doll in blue kimono (Pinterest)
Chiyogami Paper Doll Geisha
Chiyogami Paper Doll Geisha (Pinterest)

Geisha: Makeup, Hairstyles, and History of Highly Skilled Artists

Chiyogami Paper Dolls with black hair
Chiyogami Crafts, Chiyogami Paper Dolls with black hair (kimonoreincarnate.blogspot.com)

Bookmarks

Chiyogami Yuzen, 6 bookmarks
Chiyogami Yuzen, 6 bookmarks (google.com)
chiyogami pink floral magnetic bookmark
chiyogami pink floral magnetic bookmark (www.artfire.com)
Chiyogami doll magnetic bookmark - Nakamura (umeorigami) by umeorigami (flickr)
Chiyogami doll magnetic bookmark – Nakamura (umeorigami) by umeorigami (flickr) (hiveminer.com)

Accessory Case

Chiyogami Accessory Boxes
Chiyogami Accessory Boxes (www.haibara.co.jp)
Chiyogami Small Boxes
Chiyogami Crafts – Chiyogami Small Boxes (google.com)
Chiyogami small box
Chiyogami small box (haibara-shop.jp)

Chiyogami shows us sometimes the subtle, sometimes the very vivid picture of Japanese climate, each season and events. Once only for nobles, now we can enjoy its multi-colored paper with a gorgeous presence at home!

Chiyogami, Yuzen, Strawberry summers
Chiyogami, Yuzen, Strawberry summers (google.com)

References

紙文化-千代紙- (iroke.exblog.jp)
和紙の原材料 (Awagami Factory)

Hiroko Matsuyama

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